By (auth.), Frederick L. Greene M.D., David L. Page M.D., Irvin D. Fleming M.D., April G. Fritz C.T.R., R.H.I.T., Charles M. Balch M.D., Daniel G. Haller M.D., Monica Morrow M.D. (eds.)
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Extra resources for AJCC Cancer Staging Manual
Chin or nose(l) (Oral Cavity) Tumor invades through cortical bone, into deep [extrinsic] muscle of tongue (genioglossus, hyoglossus, palatoglossus, and styloglossus), maxillary sinus, or skin of face Tumor involves masticator space, pterygoid plates, or skull base and/or encases internal carotid artery Notes 1. Superficial erosion alone of bone/tooth socket by gingival primary is not sufficient to classify as T4. =O=-_ MI Distant metastasis cannot be assessed No distant metastasis Distant metastasis Biopsy of metastatic site performed ................
Survival analyses for the thyroid gland included papillary adenocarcinoma (M8050, 8260, 8340, 8503-8604), follicular adenocarcinoma (M8330-8332), medu11ary carcinoma (M8510-8512), and anaplastic carcinoma (M8021). Only cases that were staged according to the third or fourth editions of the AJCC's Manual for Staging of Cancer were included. The survival analyses for the different sites were stratified by AJCC "combined" stage (representing pathologie stage, when available, and only clinical stage when pathological stage was not available).
Most masses over 3 cm in diameter are not single nodes but, rather, are confluent nodes or tumor in soft tissues of the neck. There are three categories of clinically involved nodes for the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx: NI, N2, and N3. The use of subgroups a, b, and c is not required but is recommended. Midline nodes are considered ipsilateral nodes. In addition to the components to describe the N category, regional lymph no des should also be described according to the level of the neck that is involved.
AJCC Cancer Staging Manual by (auth.), Frederick L. Greene M.D., David L. Page M.D., Irvin D. Fleming M.D., April G. Fritz C.T.R., R.H.I.T., Charles M. Balch M.D., Daniel G. Haller M.D., Monica Morrow M.D. (eds.)